Brief explanation of the basic terminology in music.
Music is the art of combining and expressing sounds. 1
Music: from Ancient Greek μουσική (mousikḗ): any of the Muses' arts, especially music and lyrical poetry set to music
A succession of various agreeable sounds produces Melody.
Melody: from Ancient Greek μελῳδίᾱ (melōidíā, “singing, chanting”), from μέλος (mélos, “musical phrase”) + ἀοιδή (aoidḗ, “song”), contracted form ᾠδή (ōidḗ). Sequence of notes that makes up a musical phrase
Combined Sounds to be heard simultaneously produce Harmony.
Harmony: from Ancient Greek ἁρμονία (harmonía, “joint, union, agreement, concord of sounds”). A pleasing combination of elements, or arrangement of sounds.
Music is the art of combining sounds, if these sounds are played successively in an agreeable way, they form a melody, but if they are played simultaneously they produce harmony
“Elementary Principles Of Music” New and Improved Method for the Guitar, by Matteo Carcassi, Boston : Oliver Ditson & Co, 1853, p. 4. Archive.org, archive.org/details/newimprovedmeth00carc/. ↩︎